Why UCAN Is Needed
Child abuse and neglect1
- 256,492 hotline calls were placed in suspicion of child abuse or neglect in Illinois in fiscal year 2010. The following new cases were confirmed:
- 29,619 cases of child abuse or neglect
- 1,817 cases of sex abuse
- 470 substance exposed infants
- 48 child deaths
- 15,448 Illinois children lived outside of their primary home in fiscal year 2010.
- There were 24,968 unaccompanied homeless youth up to age 21 in Illinois in 20042.
- 36% were in Chicago/Cook County
- As many as 20-40% of homeless youth in Illinois identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender3.
- 7% of children in Lake County live in poverty.4
- 21.9% of Lake County residents spend more than half their income on housing costs.5
- Approximately 30% of Lake County's population is either uninsured or underinsured.6
- In 2003, 17,670 (9.7%) of births were to girls 19 years of age or younger.
- 36% of births were to African-American teens
- 32% were to White teens
- 31% were to Hispanic teens
- Youth in care are 2.5 times more likely to become pregnant by age 19 than their non-foster peers8
- By age 19, 46.4% of foster youth have been pregnant more than once compared to 33.9% of their non-foster peers9
High school dropout rate
- In Illinois in 2005-06, 24,983 students dropped out of high school10.
- Lake County has a high school dropout rate of 8.1%.11
- From 1999 to 2006, 3,369 children and youth were killed by guns in Illinois12.
- In 2008, more than 50% of homicide victims in Chicago were under the age of 2513.
- In the school year 2008-09, 34 Chicago Public School students were killed and another 290 shot on the streets14.
- Firearms are the second leading cause of injury death for young people in Illinois following traffic fatalities15.
- Youth in Chicago are ten times more likely to die from firearm homicide than Illinois youth who live outside Cook County16.
- The majority (60%) of youth violent deaths recorded in Illinois in 2005 were committed using a firearm17.
- UCAN's national Teen Gun Survey 2009 reported that 26% of teens claim to know someone who has been shot while 28% say they know a young person who has threatened to kill someone with a gun. 34% of teens say they could get a handgun if they really wanted to, including 46% of 16-18 year old males18.
- In any given year in Illinois, suicide is either the 2nd or 3rd leading cause of death for adolescents. 39% of suicides are by firearm.19
- The state of Illinois has 4-6 gang members for every 1 law enforcement officer.20
- More than 5,800 gangs with approximately 222,400 members are active in the Central Region of the United States. Cook County has more gang members than any other county.21
- In fiscal year 2005, 2,771 juveniles were admitted to the Illinois Department of Corrections.
- The recidivism rate for juveniles in fiscal year 2005 was 48%.
- There were 1,434 juveniles in locked juvenile facilities and 2,130 on parole in fiscal year 2005.
1Illinois Department of Children & Family Services Executive Statistical Summary June 2010
2UIC "Unaccompanied Homeless Youth in Illinois" 2005
3National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Illinois Fact Sheet
4Heartland Alliance and Northern Illinois Food Bank
5US Census Bureau, 2007 American Community Survey
6Lake County Health Department
7Illinois Department of Public Health, news release March 8, 2005
8Midwest Study, Dworsky & Courtney, 2010
10National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics
11Illinois State Board of Education, 2007 Report Card
12Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, WISQARS Injury Mortality Rates 1999-2006
13Chicago Police Department Crime Summary 2008
14Chicago Tribune, "Chicago Public Schools announce plan to combat violence" September 4, 2009
15-17Children's Memorial Research Center, IVDRS, newsletter June 2008
18UCAN Teen Gun Survey 2009
192007 Illinois Suicide Prevention Strategic Plan, Illinois Dept. of Public Health
20-21National Gang Threat Assessment, 2009, National Drug Intelligence Center
22Illinois Department of Corrections June 2005